What is Endometrial (uterine) polyp?

Uterine polyps are abnormal growths of cells that may cause irregular or heavy bleeding, infertility, or pelvic pain. Most polyps are benign (noncancerous), but some may be malignant (cancerous) or precancerous. Uterus polypectomy is a procedure to remove polyps from the inner lining of the uterus, also known as the endometrium. 

Why Uterine Polypectomy is done?

Uterus polypectomy is done to treat the symptoms caused by uterine polyps and to prevent them from becoming cancerous. Polypectomy also improve the chances of pregnancy in people who have infertility due to polyps. 

How Uterine Polypectomy is done?

Uterus polypectomy is usually done using a thin, flexible instrument called a hysteroscope, which is inserted through the vagina and cervix into the uterus. The hysteroscope has a light and a camera that allow the doctor to see the inside of the uterus on a monitor. The doctor can then use small tools attached to the hysteroscope to cut or burn off the polyps. The polyps are then removed through the hysteroscope or with suction.

Hysteroscopic Polypectomy has many benefits.

  • Relieve of symptoms caused by uterine polyps and improve the quality of life.

  • Reduce the risk of developing endometrial cancer or precancerous changes in the future.

  • Increase the chances of pregnancy in people who have infertility due to polyps.

  • Establish diagnosis.

  • However, uterus polypectomy does not guarantee that the polyps will not come back or that pregnancy will occur. Some people may need more than one procedure to remove all the polyps or to treat recurrent polyps. Some people may also need other treatments for infertility, such as fertility drugs or assisted reproductive techniques.