Robotic Surgery in Gynecology: A Minimally Invasive Approach

What Is Robotic Surgery?

Robotic surgery is robot-assisted surgery. Robotic surgery is a minimally invasive technique that uses a specialized robotic system to perform surgical procedures. Surgeon sits on consol which has all the controls to move the robotic arms holding the instruments. So basically, it is minimal invasive surgical approach where gynecologists and surgeons do surgery by using instruments attached to robotic arms. These systems allow gynae robotic surgeons to operate with enhanced precision and control through small incisions.

How is Robotic Surgery performed for minimal invasive gynecology surgery?

During robotic surgery in gynecology, the gynecologist or gynae surgeon makes a series of small incisions through which the robotic arms and a tiny camera are inserted into the patient’s body. The camera sends images to the console, giving the surgeon a detailed view of the operating area. The surgeon then manipulates the robotic arms using master controls that translate their hand movements into smaller, more precise movements of the miniaturized instruments inside the patient’s body. This is how a surgeon utilizes robotic surgery machine for minimal invasive surgery

Robotic Surgery, Robotic Surgery in gynecology

Gynecologic Diseases treated by Robotic Surgery

Here are some gynecologic conditions that can often be safely treated using robotic surgery:

    • Robotic Ovarian Cystectomy: Removal of ovarian cysts.
    • Robotic Oophorectomy: Removal of both ovaries.
    • Robotic Evaluation and Removal of Endometriosis: Addressing abnormal tissue growth.
    • Robotic Myomectomy: Removal of uterine fibroids.
    • Robotic Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus.
    • Robotic Pelvic Floor and Bladder Repair Surgery: Correcting pelvic organ prolapse.

Benefits of Robotic Surgery in Gynecology

In recent years robotic surgery has evolved a lot and is being utilized more and more. Robotic surgery in gynecology offers several advantages, making it an attractive option for both patients and surgeons. Here are some key benefits:

  • Precision and Dexterity: Robotic systems provide enhanced precision and dexterity, allowing surgeons to perform intricate maneuvers with greater accuracy. This is especially crucial in delicate gynecologic procedures.
  • Minimally Invasive: Robotic surgery involves small incisions, resulting in less postoperative pain, reduced scarring, and faster recovery compared to traditional open surgery.
  • 3D Visualization: Surgeons benefit from high-definition 3D visualization, which enhances their view of the surgical field. This aids in identifying anatomical structures and performing precise tissue dissection.
  • Reduced Blood Loss: Robotic instruments allow for precise control, minimizing blood loss during surgery.
  • Shorter Hospital Stay: Patients often spend less time in the hospital after robotic procedures, leading to quicker return to daily activities.
  • Complex Cases: Robotic surgery is particularly advantageous for complex cases, such as endometriosis excision, myomectomy, and sacrocolpopexy.

Remember to consult with a gynecologist experienced in robotic techniques to determine if this approach is suitable for your specific condition.

Challanges of Robotic Surgery in Gynecology

  • Limited Availability: Robotic system is at present available in only few tertiary centers. It is not freely available.  
  • Cost of robotic surgery: Robotic surgery is on an average 1.5lac costlier than same surgery by laparoscopy. Cost of robotic hysterectomy  is considered as disadvantage by some.
  • Limited Insurance coverage: Still insurance coverage of robotic surgery by medical insurance is limited to few.
  • More setup time
  • Patient selection

To book Robotic Surgery